What are Ovarian Cysts

Cysts are nothing but a lump of tissue that can occur in nearly any part of the body. And they turn very problematic if these are formed either within or too close to some internal organ, where they can pose difficulties in the proper working of the organ. 

In women, ovarian cysts are the most common, and as is suggested by the name these form in the ovaries. Presence of cysts in the ovaries can interfere with the working of the female reproduction, and at times these may make it difficult for a woman to conceive or carry on with a pregnancy.

The ovarian cysts are usually filled with the fluid produced by the ovaries, and in most cases they do not cause any pain or discomfort. If the cysts are small and they do not interfere with the working of the female reproductive system, there may be absolutely no need for any treatment as these do not pose any threat to the overall health of a woman.

Oftentimes, cysts may be formed during a woman’s menstrual cycle and may disappear on their own in a short span of time. Nonetheless, some of the cysts can turn large and begin creating complications, making medical help a necessity. Also some cysts can turn cancerous, leaving surgery as the only possible way out.

There are three different types of ovarian cysts, and here is some information about each of these.

Follicular Cysts

These are probably the most common, and are formed within the follicles that produce the eggs in the ovaries. Follicles are filled with a fluid to nurture the eggs till they are ready, upon which they will burst open to release the egg. In cases where the follicle is unable to burst or when the fluid in it doesn’t get drained with the release of the egg, an ovarian cyst is formed. These cysts don’t pose much of a problem and are most likely to vanish on their own.

Luteal Cysts

These are rare, and are formed when the tissues remaining after the release of the egg get filled with blood. Sometimes these can lead to internal bleeding calling for medical intervention, while in most cases they will disappear on their own within a month or so.

Pathological Cysts

These are the cysts which can be problematic, and which cannot be resolved without medical help. These can be formed for a number of reasons and in nearly half the cases surgery holds the only answer.

Sidharth Thakur