Treatment Options for Ovarian Cysts

Cystic ovaries are troublesome, and can leave woman feeling frustrated and vulnerable, when medical treatment is not given on time.  In the absence of treatment, the cysts may continue to grow and become more and more problematic with each passing day.

It’s not always that the treatment would involve surgery, so do not delay the matter or hesitate to discuss your problem with your health care provider, just for the fear of undergoing surgery.



The kind of treatment that you physician may advice, will depend on a lot of factors, like your age, your current condition, the size and the number of cysts and the severity of the pain that you experience. The physician may recommend some blood tests and ultrasound, to determine the severity of the problem.

You may be asked to get ultra-sounds done at repeated intervals to keep track of the changes in the size and shape of the cysts. Once the physician is done with all the testing, he will put you on either of the two treatment options mentioned here.



Medication

When the ovarian cysts are small in size and do not pose any immediate threat, your physician may put you onto some prescription drugs. Some of these drugs are very strong, and consuming them for long durations can have a serious damaging effect on some of your internal organs.

Quite often steroidal drugs are used to destroy the cysts, without surgery, and unless one completely adheres to the diet and exercising schedule, as advised by the physician, other health problems may arise.  Some of the commonly faced problems are gaining weight, losing hair, the pigmentation of the skin, malfunctioning of the liver or kidneys and even mild depression.



Surgical treatment

The surgery used to remove the cysts from the ovaries is known as laparoscopy. Laparoscopy involves making two tiny slits in the abdominal region, right where the ovaries are located. Fiber-optic catheters may be used to look at the cysts while removing them. Since the cuts made on the skin are not too large, not much of bleeding takes place during the surgery.

In most cases the surgery doesn’t last longer than two hours, and the patient is allowed to go back home the very next day, after being handed over some prescription medicines.



Sidharth Thakur