The kiwi fruit which belongs to the Actinidia genus was the Chinese national fruit and was known as Chinese gooseberry. Once New Zealand farmers began cultivating this fruit on a commercial basis, it got its current name of kiwi.
The kiwi fruit which is oval shaped has a brown exterior and green toned soft, fleshy and juicy interior. Each fruit weighs about 125gms and is loaded with minerals, vitamins, anti-oxidants and omega 3 fatty acids. Kiwi fruits have high water content and hence are low on calories.
Kiwi fruit is rich in fat and water soluble vitamins. The water soluble vitamin C protects the body from a variety of diseases, caused by free radicals, like asthma, obesity and cancer.
The fat soluble Vitamin E on the other hand helps the body to recover from exercise generated oxidative damage while simultaneously decreasing the threat from heart diseases and cancer.
Magnesium, potassium and copper are some of the minerals which are found abundantly in this fruit. The body and cell fluid levels are maintained by the electrolyte rich potassium found in the kiwi fruit. Potassium is also helpful in bringing down the sodium levels of the body thereby decreasing blood pressure and the associated risk from heart diseases.
The human bones are strengthened by copper and magnesium, caches of which are found in kiwi fruit. The presence of these minerals in kiwi fruits makes it an especially nutritious choice for growing children.
People suffering from colon cancer and diabetes should make kiwi a vital component of their daily diet. The high levels of soluble fiber in kiwi helps to bring down sugar levels.
It also binds with waste matter present in the colon and helps in ejecting them from the system. The low density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol levels in the blood are lowered by the fiber present in kiwi fruits.
Lutein, xanthin and beta carotene are flavonoid antioxidants which fight diseases like cataract, heart diseases and cancer. The omega-3 fatty acids which are found abundantly inside the kiwi prevents autism in children and brings down the incidence of stroke and coronary heart diseases.
Kiwi fruit helps in boosting the immune system and prevents a host of respiratory ailments. A natural blood thinner this fruit stops the formation of blood clots. The high fiber content of kiwi also makes it a natural laxative.