Rosacea – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Rosacea A skin condition which has nearly 16 million sufferers in the United States alone rosacea is characterized by the appearance of pimple like eruptions and facial erythema (redness) particularly around the chin, nose, cheeks and forehead.

Roscea mostly affects fair skinned people and individuals of Caucasian descent. This skin condition is thought be an incurable, long term problem with periods of remission and flare ups. Most people with rosacea tend to simply ignore it and go on with their life as they are unaware of the treatment options that are available.

Rosacea is often mistakenly referred to as adult acne, because of its close resemblance to the acne skin condition. An extremely embarrassing skin condition, rosacea often causes soreness and redness around the eyelids and the eyes. People who choose to simply ignore rosacea without getting any kind of medical intervention are actually worsening this skin condition.

Rosacea is a genetic skin condition. Women are more likely to suffer from rosacea than men. Besides the acne like eruption which is commonly seen in people with rosacea, people with this skin disorder also exhibit pink or red skin patches, along with a fine network of broken blood capillaries and frequent eye irritations.

People having rosacea exhibit skin eruptions which look similar to acne.  However there are several differences between acne and the red bumps seen in rosacea patients. Unlike acne, which improves visibly once the white or black heads are extracted professionally, squeezing the rosacea pimples only worsens the condition. The facial skin of acne patients do not have the reddish or pinkish appearance which is commonly seen in people with rosacea.

Besides genetic factors, rosacea may also be caused by ‘Demodex folliculorum’ a mite which is normally found on hair follicles, sun exposure, gastrointestinal diseases, certain types of medication and even helicobacter pylori, the bacteria which is commonly associated with stomach ulcers.

The factors which aggravate this skin condition are anxiety, fear, embarrassment and stress along with excessive alcohol consumption, changes in climatic conditions including increase in humidity or exposure to strong winds. Even consumption of spicy foods and excessive exercise can increase the problem of rosacea. These trigger factors can increase the redness of blushing appearance of the facial skin.

Consumption of certain food items like chocolates, soy sauce, eggplants, dairy products, citrus fruits and different kinds of beans can worsen the problems of rosacea. People with this skin condition should avoid using skin care products which contains ingredients like peppermint, salicylic acid, witch hazel oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, menthol and strong fragrances.

Some of the common symptoms of rosacea other than the redness of the face and the appearance of pimple like skin eruptions are the appearance of telangiectasias which are fine red lines that resemble spider webs. The fine red lines are actually the super fine blood vessels which are present just below the skin surface.

Some rosacea patients, particular men, suffer from rhinophyma wherein the nose appears enlarged and red. Rosacea patients also complain of eye irritations including conjunctivitis, dryness and burning sensation in the eyes. Rosacea can be controlled by taking oral antibiotics including minocycline, tetracycline, amoxicillin and doxycycline. Avoid using harsh skin care products and also keep away from those things which can aggravate the problem of rosacea.