Pregnancy is supposed to be an immensely joyful period in the life of a woman. However, there are some factors, which can completely put an end to this joy and create a feeling of panic and worry. Topping the list of such issues is the condition of spotting during pregnancy.
Spotting is a condition in which a small quantity of blood is expelled through the vagina. While at times, spotting may not be a very serious issue, at certain other times it can be a warning signal of certain pregnancy complications or an impending miscarriage. Given below are some important facts about spotting during pregnancy that all pregnant women should be aware of.
Reasons For Spotting During Pregnancy
Spotting During The First Trimester
If you observe spotting around the expected time of your periods, then it can be considered as implantation bleeding. This happens when the fertilized egg gets implanted onto the wall of the uterus. This kind of spotting lasts for a maximum of 24 hours and is not at all a cause of concern. Instead , it can be treated as one of the earliest signs of your pregnancy.
Pregnant women suffering from cervical infections can experience slight spotting in their first trimester. Irritation of the cervix by internal examinations or by sexual intercourse, can be considered as the other normal causes of spotting during early pregnancy.
However, at times , spotting during early pregnancy can be an indication of certain other conditions like an ectopic pregnancy. Here, the embryo implants itself outside the uterine cavity, thereby leading to spotting. Spotting can also be a sign of molar pregnancy, wherein an abnormal mass of tissue forms inside the uterus, following fertilization. In both these conditions, what may begin as a light spotting can transform into full-fledged vaginal bleeding in a short period of time. An increase in the intensity of spotting can also be considered as sign of miscarriage. Here, one will experience severe abdominal cramps and there will also be expulsion of fetal tissue along with the blood.
Spotting During The Second Trimester
Cervical incompetence is one of the major reasons for spotting to occur during the second trimester. This can lead to the early opening of the cervix and can cause preterm delivery. Another reason for spotting during mid pregnancy is placenta previa.
Here, the placenta will be lying extremely low in such a position that the birth canal is covered. In this condition, spotting can turn into painless bleeding, with the passage of time, Spotting during the second trimester can be also considered as an early sign of placental abruption. Here, the placenta detaches itself from the wall of the uterus, thereby complicating the pregnancy.
Spotting During The Third Trimester
Spotting during the third trimester can be brought about by issues like vaginal trauma, cervical cancer or the rupture of a uterine scar. The spotting can also be a warning sign of placental abruption or placenta previa. If the spotting is accompanied by the discharge of a mucus plug, then it is an indication of an impending labor. This can occur either one or two weeks before the labor or on the onset of labor.
Seek Medical Help
If you experience spotting during pregnancy, then you should contact your doctor immediately. The doctor will then perform physical examinations, blood tests and ultrasounds so as to find out the root cause of the issue.