Miscarriages is referred to unintentional or accidental termination of pregnancy anytime before completing 20 weeks of pregnancy. Termination of pregnancy after twentieth week is referred to as still birth.
A number of statistics reveal that a number of pregnancies get terminated in the first three months of pregnancy due to some reason or the other. Most of the times the miscarriage happens at the very early stages of pregnancy and the woman does not even get to know that she was pregnant. It is very important to do your homework regarding everything about pregnancy. This will help you a lot in dealing with all those complications related to pregnancy.
Being updated about all the possible reasons that could lead to miscarriage during pregnancy will help you do the necessary to prevent miscarriages. Most pregnant women are clueless about their health and body while pregnant. It is very important to get yourself diagnosed as soon as you get pregnant and find out all the details of your body. Even slightest problems can result in miscarriages at some point of early pregnancy. Here is list of the possible list of reasons of miscarriages which should be kept handy so that you can prevent miscarriages.
High Blood Pressure
Women suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension stand at a high risk of miscarriage. Some women who do not have high blood pressure are likely to get affected by hypertension during the pregnancy. This is referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension. This kind of hypertension is known to disappear after the delivery. But both these situations are likely to have a negative impact on the health of mother and growing fetus. It is best to control the blood pressure levels before planning pregnancy to avoid such complications. If you do not suffer from hypertension but are prone to hypertension due to some reason, then do the necessary to keep your blood pressure in control while pregnant.
Diabetes is a disease which occurs as a result of lack of production of insulin in the body. This lack of insulin can lead to inability of sugar processing which can pose further health threats. Women suffering from diabetes are prone to miscarriages and birth defects. In such cases it is best to seek a doctor’s advise before getting pregnant. Also make certain necessary changes in your diet and lifestyle to control diabetes. Make sure that you regulate the production of insulin in your body by taking adequate medicines before getting pregnant. Women should also indulge in a healthy diet and lifestyle after getting pregnant in order to prevent gestational diabetes which can also pose threats to you and your fetus.
Poly-cystic ovarian syndrome is a disease which leads to formation of small cysts in the ovaries. This occurs as a result of hormonal imbalances and number of other factors. A woman suffering from poly-cystic ovarian syndrome is also prone to miscarriage. It is not always necessary that a woman suffering from poly-cystic ovarian syndrome will suffer miscarriage, but the chances of abortion in pregnancy with this disease is high. But this can be cured by making certain lifestyle changes and by taking adequate medications.
Hypothyroidism is a thyroid related disorder which increases woman’s chances of miscarriage. Hypothyroidism is a disease which occurs as a result of deficiency in secretion of thyroid hormones. This condition can result in irregularities in menstrual cycles and hence it becomes very difficult for a woman to predict ovulation and plan pregnancy accordingly. So it is best to get your thyroid levels checked before and after you get pregnant and have the prescribed medicines on a regular basis to regulate the secretion of thyroid hormones.
A number of infections due to microorganisms increases your chances of miscarriage. Cytomegalovirus, rubella, toxoplasmosis are few infections which can lead to miscarriage. Some other infections like syphilis, genital herpes etc. are sexually transmitted and are also likely to result in miscarriages. So make sure that you live a healthy and hygienic life and keep away from such infections during pregnancy.
Some anatomical abnormalities of the uterus can also cause miscarriages. Mostly these defects are there from the birth and you should get yourself checked before getting pregnant for such anatomical abnormalities in the uterus. Some cases of miscarriages are due to uterine fibroids also. Uterine fibroids are nothing to worry about but it tends to grow unusually big in size at times and that can result in miscarriage. So get yourself checked for such ailments and and get appropriate treatment to prevent miscarriages.
Certain unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking even after getting pregnant can increase your chances of a miscarriage. Most women fail to get over their addictions even after getting pregnant and hence they end up causing severe damage to their own health and their baby’s health. It is best to quit all such habits at the earliest if you intend to get pregnant. These habits are very harmful for health and might also increase your chances of getting affected by fatal diseases like cancer etc.
Some chromosomal abnormalities and genetic factors can also result in miscarriages. There is nothing much you can do to prevent such miscarriages. But you should certainly get yourself and your partner checked to find out if you stand at the risk of miscarriage due to genetic factors.
It is very essential to prepare yourself physically and mentally before getting pregnant. Make sure that you start eating healthy and indulge in a healthy lifestyle. Ensure that you shed those extra pounds to get through your pregnancy safely. Exercise regularly to keep your weight in check and refrain from having all sorts of unhealthy foods. Also make a point to make regular visits to your doctor before planning to get pregnant. Get yourself checked thoroughly and find a solution to any and every health problem from your doctor. Pregnancy is the most awaited phase in the life of a woman and so it is very important to make sure that you do everything to make this phase safe and happy.