Puberty is the stage, where your body changes from a child to an adult. Both girls and boys, experience certain changes, physical as well as mental. In girls, puberty begins from the age of 9 to 13.
During puberty, lots of physical and emotional changes occur in the body. This happens mainly due to hormonal changes in the body. In girls, estrogen is the hormone that is responsible for bringing about these changes.
Menstrual cycles cause disturbances
Most of the girls, start experiencing mood swings as they enter womanhood. These mood swings are overly predominant during their menstrual cycle. Sometimes they will feel very good and the very next moment they may get irritated or depressed.
And most of the time they cannot reason out these mood fluctuations. This condition is also known as premenstrual disphoric disorder or simply premenstrual syndrome (PMS). This emotional up and down, is basically due to the hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle. Hormones like estrogen and progesterone have a lot of effect on the mental state.
Menstrual cycles cause serotonin level imbalances in the brain, which along with estrogen and progesterone affects the mood. If the serotonin level drops the mood worsens and if it rises you feel happy and good. Daily stress and fatigue during menstrual cycle can also lead to mood swings.
Apart from all these, some physical discomfort like abdominal cramps and pain, bloating and body ache can make the girls somewhat irritable during these days.
The mental changes
During puberty, the thought process also changes. You don’t feel like yourself or how you were as child; all this leads to confusion and it ultimately shows up as irritation. Many girls develop acne or pimples on the face, due to hormonal imbalances, which makes them conscious and they shy away from their friends and family.
Also the development of breasts makes the girls conscious during puberty. These changes bring in a feeling of aloofness. Under such circumstances, even small and casual talks can turn into big fights.
As parents you cannot ignore these mood swings, that your daughter is experiencing during puberty, instead offer her emotional support and counsel her, so that things get easier for her and she experiences fewer mood swings.
Meditation, a healthy lifestyle and regular exercise can really do wonders. Talk to your daughter and help her to understand the changes that are taking place in their body.