Most of us generally like to scrutinize our facial skin for to see whether the sunspots are getting lighter or whether there are new lines etc. But we ignore examination of the skin for dangerous moles. It is recommended by dermatologists that mole checks should be done yearly.
In case there is a history of skin cancer in your family then try to do it twice yearly. But in case you notice some abnormal growth in your skin then immediately consult the doctor. Here we are listing 5 kinds of aberrations which if detected must be treatment right away.
1. If you find a mole growing, changing color or bleeding, you need to consult the doctor immediately. These may be the symptoms of melanoma. It may prove to be fatal if not treated on time. Do not even waste a single day, as it may make a difference.
2. If a patch of rough and scabbed skin is not healing for 2 months then it is a matter of serious concern as it may be a case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Though it may not be as dangerous as melanoma, it should not be ignored. These can metastasize and must be removed in a few months.
3. Basal Cell Carcinomas (BCC) are pearly white swellings with tiny blood vessels along their borders and having a central crater. It is a type of skin cancer that grows slowly and should be removed as soon as possible. In that case the scar will b minimal. If a BCC is superficial then you may not even need a surgery and a topical cream like Aldara may work.
4. Rough, brown and flaky areas on the trunk raised from the surface of the skin, generally called “the sign of Leser Trelat” (after the name of the doctors who discovered these lesions as warning signs of cancer) though harmless otherwise, may be a cause of concern if they start growing rapidly in size or number. In that case consult your dermatologist immediately.
5. Moles on fingers and toes are generally ignored. Most people fail to realize that skin cancer can occur in these areas as well and ignorance may lead to melanoma in these areas. A dark spot under the toenail or fingernail, unassociated with physical trauma needs immediate attention of the doctor.