Epilepsy and Meningitis In Children

Although meningitis is rare, epilepsy affects about one in 200 people. The most common cause of a convulsion in children is high fever, but this is not normally a form of epilepsy. Meningitis may develop as a complication of another illness.

Epilepsy: It is a tendency to have seizures (also called fits or convulsions), which are bursts of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. With treatment most children grow out of it by adolescence. There are several different types of epilepsy;two common forms in childhood are absence attacks and major seizures


Absence Attack (petit mal convulsions): Sudden lack of movement,Dazed expression,Complete recovery in a few seconds

Major Seizures (grand mal convulsions):Sudden unconsciousness so your child falls down,Stiff arms and legs,Twitching or jerkymovements,Urination,Sleeping, or gradual return to consciousness, when the twitching movements stop

Call the Doctor if:
1. A major seizure for the first time
2. A major seizure lasting more than three minutes
3. A series of seizures in rapid succession

Always consult your doctor if you think your child has absence attacks.

What can You Do: Put your child on his side on the floor during a seizure. Stay with him to make sure he doesn’t injure himself, but don’t try to restrain him.After a major seizure, put your child into the recovery position.

Don’t wake him if he falls asleep, but make sure that he is breathing properly.Try to avoid letting your child get into situations that could be dangerous if he has seizure.

Meningitis: It is an inflammation of the tissues that cover the brain. It is very serious disease, and must be treated promptly. Call the doctor if you think your child may have meningitis or encephalitis.


1. Fever
2. Listlessness and drowsiness or sudden dramatic and uncharacteristic irritability or restlessness.
3. Change for the worse in a child who has recently had an infectious illness such as measles or mumps
4. Vomiting
5. Loss of appetite
6. Headache or, in babies slightly bulging fontanelle
7. Reluctance to bend the neck forward
8. Convulsions
9. A rash of flat, dark red or purple

Blood-spots What the doctor will do: The doctor may send your child to hospital for different tests. His treatment will depend on the results of the testa,and he may need to stay in hospital until he has recovered.

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